Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (HR 5376) – This legislation was originally introduced as the Build Back Better Act, President Biden’s signature bill of 2021. After suffering defeat in the Senate, the bill was later revised with fewer provisions to enhance its likelihood of passage, and renamed the Inflation Reduction Act. The bill authorizes funding for investments in domestic energy production and manufacturing with the goal of reducing U.S. carbon emissions by 40 percent by 2030. The bill provides tax credits for clean energy home enhancements and electric vehicle purchases, permits Medicare to negotiate prescription drug prices,and extendslower healthcare premiums for insurance purchased via the Affordable Care Act program through 2025. Also billed as a deficit reduction tool, the legislation imposes a minimum 15 percent corporate tax rate on large businesses with more than $1 billion in reported income, and a 1 percent excise tax on corporate stock buybacks. Furthermore, the bill increases previously reduced funding for the IRS in order to help track down and recoup taxes unlawfully skirted by high income earners. Initially introduced on Sept. 27, 2021, the Act was passed by both the House and the Senate in August and signed into law on Aug. 16.
CHIPS and Science Act of 2022(HR 4346) – This legislation includes $280 billion in funding to build a domestic supply chain for semiconductor chips as well as scientific and technological research to help keep U.S. industries competitive. The bill authorizes new and expanded investments in STEM education for K-12 to community college, undergraduate and graduate education.The bill was enacted on Aug. 9.
Bipartisan Safer Communities Act (S 2938) – Introduced by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) on Oct. 5, 2021, this Act expands background checks for anyone under age 21 who seeks to purchase firearms, and offers incentives for states to pass red flag laws to remove weapons from people deemed a threat to themselves or others. The bill provides $11 billion in funding for mental health services in schools and local clinics, and to support mental health courts, drug courts, veterans’ courts and extreme risk protection orders. The final version of the bill passed in the Senate on June 23 and in the House on June 24. President Biden signed the bill into law on June 25.
Honoring our PACT Act of 2022 (S 3373) – This legislation, which expands healthcare benefits for veterans who were exposed to burn pits and other toxic substances while on active duty, was introduced by Sen. Tim Kaine (D-VA) on Dec. 9, 2021. Amid much fanfare and controversy this summer, this bipartisan bill was finally passed in both the House (July) and the Senate (August, requiring a second vote) and was signed into law by President Biden on Aug. 10.
PPP and Bank Fraud Enforcement Harmonization Act of 2022 (HR 7352) – Introduced by Rep. Nydia Velazquez (D-NY) on March 31, this bill amends the Small Business Act to extend the statute of limitation to 10 years for criminal charges and civil enforcement against borrowers under the Paycheck Protection Program, enacted during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. The bill passed in the House on June 8 and in the Senate on June 28. It was enacted on Aug. 5.
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